4 years ago

Resolving the Spatial Structures of Bound Hole States in Black Phosphorus

Resolving the Spatial Structures of Bound Hole States in Black Phosphorus
Mykola Telychko, Pin Lv, Sherman J. R. Tan, Jie Su, Yanpeng Liu, Hanyan Fang, A. H. Castro Neto, Zhizhan Qiu, Alexandra Carvalho, Jiong Lu, Yewu Wang, A. S. Rodin
Understanding the local electronic properties of individual defects and dopants in black phosphorus (BP) is of great importance for both fundamental research and technological applications. Here, we employ low-temperature scanning tunnelling microscope (LT-STM) to probe the local electronic structures of single acceptors in BP. We demonstrate that the charge state of individual acceptors can be reversibly switched by controlling the tip-induced band bending. In addition, acceptor-related resonance features in the tunnelling spectra can be attributed to the formation of Rydberg-like bound hole states. The spatial mapping of the quantum bound states shows two distinct shapes evolving from an extended ellipse shape for the 1s ground state to a dumbbell shape for the 2px excited state. The wave functions of bound hole states can be well-described using the hydrogen-like model with anisotropic effective mass, corroborated by our theoretical calculations. Our findings not only provide new insight into the many-body interactions around single dopants in this anisotropic two-dimensional material but also pave the way to the design of novel quantum devices.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b03356

DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b03356

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