4 years ago

Hooked on Cryogels: A Carbamate Linker Based Depot for Slow Drug Release

Hooked on Cryogels: A Carbamate Linker Based Depot for Slow Drug Release
Mehmet Arslan, Rana Sanyal, Duygu Aydin, Amitav Sanyal
Poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) based bulk hydrogels and cryogels containing activated carbonate groups as amine reactive handles to facilitate drug conjugations through carbamate linkages were fabricated and evaluated as slow releasing drug reservoirs. As an initial approach, photopolymerization of N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS)-activated carbonate functional group containing monomer and PEG-methacrylate in the presence of a cross-linker was utilized to obtain bulk hydrogels with high gel conversions. The resultant hydrogels possessed moderate water uptake (170–340%) which was dependent on the monomer ratios. These hydrogels were functionalized with an anticancer drug, namely, doxorubicin. Surprisingly, while negligible drug release was observed from the bulk hydrogels under normal pH, only about 6% drug release was observed under acidic condition. Limited swelling of these hydrogels as well as lack of porous structure as deduced from scanning electron microscopy analysis might explain the poor drug release. To enhance the drug releasing capacity of these hydrogels that might stem from the increased porosity, reactive carbonate group bearing cryogels were synthesized. Compared to the bulk hydrogels, cryogels were highly porous in structure and also possessed much higher swelling capacity (1150–1500%). As a result of these distinctions, a 7-fold enhancement in drug release was observed for the cryogel system compared to the relating hydrogel. In vitro studies demonstrated that the anticancer drug doxorubicin conjugated through carbamate linkers to the cryogels was released and proved effective against MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells. Overall, a novel class of slow releasing nontoxic hydrogel and cryogel scaffolds with potential applications as anticancer drug reservoirs was realized.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.bioconjchem.7b00140

DOI: 10.1021/acs.bioconjchem.7b00140

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.