3 years ago

Green synthesis of bioactive polysaccharide-capped gold nanoparticles for lymph node CT imaging

Green synthesis of bioactive polysaccharide-capped gold nanoparticles for lymph node CT imaging
The development of biologically targeted contrast agents for X-ray computed tomography (CT) imaging remains a major challenge. Here, we investigated a green chemistry-based synthesis of lymph node-targeted mannan-capped gold nanoparticles (M-GNPs) as a CT contrast agent. In this study, mannan was used as a reducing and stabilizing agent for gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). M-GNPs were readily internalized by antigen-presenting cells (APCs) through mannose receptors-mediated endocytosis. The M-GNPs, which had a spherical morphology, had an average diameter of 9.18±0.71nm and surface plasmon resonance (SPR) absorption spectra with maximal absorption at 522nm. The M-GNPs displayed a concentration-based X-ray attenuation property with a maximum Hounsfield unit (HU) value of 303.2±10.83. The local administration of M-GNPs led to significantly enhanced X-ray contrast for the imaging of popliteal lymph nodes. These findings demonstrated that M-GNPs can be used as biologically targeted contrast agents for CT imaging.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0144861717311888

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