4 years ago

Improved detection of BRAF V600E using allele-specific PCR coupled with external and internal controllers

Jun-Fu Huang, Guang-Jie Duan, Ning Su, Na Zhao, Zhao Yang, Dong Chen, Kun Wei, Han-Qing Xu, Qing Huang, Wei-Ling Fu
Although traditional allele-specific PCR (tAS-PCR) is a common screening method for BRAF V600E mutations, its lower amplification specificity and mutation selectivity have limited its clinical applications. We hypothesize that these limitations are associated with the weaker specificities of allele-specific primers and the thermodynamic driving forces of DNA polymerase. We used three strategies to circumvent these limitations, namely, modifying allele-specific primers, introducing a competitive external allele-specific controller (i.e., cAS-PCR), and introducing a referenced internal positive controller in the cAS-PCR (i.e., rcAS-PCR). The amplification sensitivities and specificities were influenced by the position of the artificially introduced mismatched nucleotide in the allele-specific primers. Moreover, both cAS-PCR and rcAS-PCR could detect single-copy BRAF V600E alleles with higher mutation selectivity (0.1%) than tAS-PCR. In addition, cAS-PCR eliminated false-negative results caused by various PCR inhibitors that might be present in the DNA solutions. The rcAS-PCR could also be employed to avoid the false-negative results caused by low-abundance input templates in cAS-PCR. In conclusion, rcAS-PCR provides a rapid, simple, and low-cost method for detecting low levels of the mutated BRAF V600E gene.

Publisher URL: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-14140-2

DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-14140-2

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