Moritz J Rossner, Weiqi Zhang, Tilmann Unterbarnscheidt, Michael C Wehr, Klaus-Armin Nave, Alexander Herholt, Jan P Wintgens, Markus H Schwab, Mykola Kravchenko, Maria Clara Soto-Bernardini, Magdalena M Brzózka, Sven P Wichert, Wilko Hinrichs, Peter Falkai, Mingyue Zhang, Sergi Papiol
Enhanced NRG1-ERBB4 signaling is a risk pathway in schizophrenia, and corresponding mouse models display several endophenotypes of the disease. Nonetheless, pathway-directed treatment strategies with clinically applicable compounds have not been identified. Here, we applied a cell-based assay using the split TEV technology to screen a library of clinically applicable compounds to identify modulators of NRG1-ERBB4 signaling for repurposing. We recovered spironolactone, known as antagonist of corticosteroids, as an inhibitor of the ERBB4 receptor and tested it in pharmacological and biochemical assays to assess secondary compound actions. Transgenic mice overexpressing Nrg1 type III display cortical Erbb4 hyperphosphorylation, a condition observed in postmortem brains from schizophrenia patients. Spironolactone treatment reverted hyperphosphorylation of activated Erbb4 in these mice. In behavioral tests, spironolactone treatment of Nrg1 type III transgenic mice ameliorated schizophrenia-relevant behavioral endophenotypes, such as reduced sensorimotor gating, hyperactivity, and impaired working memory. Moreover, spironolactone increases spontaneous inhibitory postsynaptic currents in cortical slices supporting an ERBB4-mediated mode-of-action. Our findings suggest that spironolactone, a clinically safe drug, provides an opportunity for new treatment options for schizophrenia.
Increased levels of Nrg1-ERBB4 signaling are associated with schizophrenia and corresponding mouse models display endophenotypes of the disease. Spironolactone was recovered from a drug repurposing screen to inhibit Nrg1-ERBB4 signaling and improved schizophrenia-relevant phenotypes in Nrg1-transgenic mice.