3 years ago

Conditional Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor Type 1 Deletion in the Endothelial Compartment Has No Beneficial Effect on Radiation-Induced Whole-Lung Damage in Mice

To investigate whether the endothelial pool of plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) plays a role in the development of radiation-induced lung damage, as previously demonstrated in the intestine. Methods and Materials Human lung microvascular endothelial cells were exposed to 10 Gy irradiation so as to study their ability to acquire an “activated” phenotype. Mice in which the Cre-Lox strategy was used to produce PAI-1 deletion specifically in the endothelial compartment were exposed to 17 Gy whole-thorax irradiation and followed up for 2, 13, and 23 weeks after irradiation. Results Human lung microvascular endothelial cells had an activated phenotype after radiation exposure, overexpressed PAI-1, and underwent endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition. In mice, knockout of PAI-1 in the endothelium had no beneficial effect on radiation-induced lung damage and showed a tendency to worsen acute lesions. Conclusions As opposed to the intestine, the endothelial pool of PAI-1 does not play a determinant role in the development of radiation-induced lung damage. The therapeutic value of PAI-1 inhibition in lung radiation injury may be associated with other types of cells.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0360301617335666

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