3 years ago

Toward Personalized Dosimetry with 32P Microparticle Therapy for Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

To develop a Monte Carlo model for patient-specific dosimetry of 32P microparticle localized internal radionuclide therapy for advanced pancreatic cancer. Methods and Materials Spherical tumor geometries and a pancreatic phantom were modeled, as well as different 3-dimensional non-uniform clinical pancreatic geometries based on patient-specific ultrasound images. The dosimetry simulations modeled the dose distribution due to the energy spectrum of emitted beta particles. Results The average dose for small (3-cm diameter) and large (6-cm diameter) spherical tumors was 111 Gy (for 7.6 MBq administered activity) and 128 Gy (for 58 MBq), respectively. For the clinical 3-dimensional geometries, on the basis of patient data, the mean doses delivered to the tumor were calculated to be in the range 102 to 113 Gy, with negligible dose to the pancreas for the smallest tumor volumes. The calculated dose distributions are highly non-uniform. For the largest tumor studied, the pancreas received approximately 6% of the tumor dose (5.7 Gy). Importantly, we found that because the smallest tumor studied exhibited the most dynamic changes in volume in response to the treatment, the dose to tumor and pancreas is significantly underestimated if a static tumor volume is assumed. Conclusions These results demonstrate the dosimetry of 32P microparticle localized internal radionuclide therapy for pancreatic cancer and the possibility of developing personalized treatment strategies. The results also highlight the importance of considering the effects of non-uniform dose distributions and dynamic change of tumor mass during treatment on the dosimetry of the tumor and critical organs.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0360301617336192

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