3 years ago

HIV Testing at Visits to Physicians’ Offices in the U.S., 2009–2012

HIV testing serves as an entry point for HIV care services for those who test HIV positive, and prevention services for those who test HIV negative. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends routine testing of adults and adolescents in healthcare settings. To identify missed opportunities for HIV testing at U.S. physicians’ offices, data from the National Ambulatory Care Surveys from 2009 to 2012 were analyzed. Methods The mean annual number and percentage of visits with an HIV test among HIV-uninfected nonpregnant females and males aged 15–65 years was estimated using weighted survey data. Factors associated with HIV testing at visits to physicians’ offices were identified. Results The mean annual number of U.S. physicians’ office visits with an HIV test conducted was 1,396,736 (0.4% of all visits) among nonpregnant females and 986,891 (0.5% of all visits) among males. For both nonpregnant females and males, HIV testing prevalence was highest among those aged 20–29 years (1.3% of all visits by nonpregnant females; 1.7% of all visits by males) and non-Hispanic blacks (1.1% of all visits by nonpregnant females; 1.0% of all visits by males). An HIV test was not conducted at 98.5% of visits at which venipuncture was performed for both nonpregnant females and males. Conclusions Important opportunities exist to increase HIV testing coverage at U.S. physicians’ offices. Structural interventions, such as routine opt-out testing policies, electronic medical record notifications, and use of non-clinical staff for testing could be implemented to increase HIV testing in these settings.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0749379717304440

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