3 years ago

Purification of Hg 0 from flue gas by wet oxidation method and its mechanism: a review

Bojun Yan, Liuliu Li, Yi Xing, Xiaoxu Cui, Pei Lu, Mengsi Wang

Abstract

The vast majority of Hg2+ can be removed while elemental mercury (Hg0) can hardly be removed due to its characteristic of high volatility and insolubility in water. Till now, how to oxidize Hg0 to Hg2+ is the key for the purification of Hg0, especially when there are others pollutants, such as HCl, SO2, and NOx. In this review, the method and mechanism of Hg0 purification from flue gas by H2O2, KMnO4, NaClO2, and O3 are reviewed comprehensively. It is concluded that the oxidation of Hg0 mainly depends on the electronic supply efficiency from the solution. The Fenton reagent, composed of H2O2 and metal cations, is superior to O3 and the solution of KMnO4 and NaClO2. Moreover, HCl, SO2, and NOx in the flue gas can influence the oxidation and purification mechanism of Hg0. It is found that HCl in flue gas had obvious auxo-action on the oxidation of mercury, and SO2 and NOx have different effects on the oxidation of Hg0 with the change of compositions and concentration of pollutants in the flue gas. In general, SO2 and NOx can slightly promote the oxidation of Hg0 due to the synergistic effect.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11356-017-0480-6

DOI: 10.1007/s11356-017-0480-6

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