5 years ago

Chitosan templated synthesis of mesoporous silica and its application in the treatment of aqueous solutions contaminated with cadmium(II) and lead(II)

Chitosan templated synthesis of mesoporous silica and its application in the treatment of aqueous solutions contaminated with cadmium(II) and lead(II)
The aim of this study was to obtain indigenously the mesoporous silica (AMS) precursor to 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) and utilizing chitosan a templating natural biopolymer. The textural characteristics of AMS were obtained by the SEM (Scanning Electron Microscopy) and BET (Brunauer–Emmett–Teller) surface area measurements. AMS solid possessed specific surface area of 511.77m2/g and having pore size and pore volume of 3.38nm and 0.036cm3/g, respectively. Further, the AMS was characterized by the XRD (X-ray Diffraction) and FT-IR (Fourier Transform- Infra Red) analyses. The mesoporous silica was employed for efficient removal of cadmium(II) and lead(II) from aqueous solutions. The influence of solution pH, initial cadmium(II)/or lead(II) concentrations, contact time, and background electrolyte concentrations were studied to deduce the mechanism involved at solid/solution interface. The equilibrium state adsorption data were utilized for the Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherms and the Langmuir adsorption isotherm showed a good agreement with the experimental data. Uptake was found to be fairly fast and the kinetic modelling suggested that the adsorption of cadmium(II)/or lead(II) by AMS was occurred through fractal-like pseudo-second order kinetics. An increase in background electrolyte concentrations from 0.0001 to 0.01mol/L NaNO3 did not affect the removal of lead(II), whereas the cadmium(II) removal was slightly suppressed. The XPS (X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy) analysis indicated that removal of cadmium(II) or lead(II) occurred through the formation of a chemical bond with the oxygen atoms present with AMS solid. Furthermore, fixed-bed column adsorption was conducted and the loading capacity of cadmium(II) and lead(II) was found to be 11.54 and 8.59mg/g, respectively.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1385894717312007

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