3 years ago

Intermolecular interactions between DNA and methamphetamine, amphetamine, ecstasy and their major metabolites

Intermolecular interactions between DNA and methamphetamine, amphetamine, ecstasy and their major metabolites
Eugenie Nepovimova, Igor L.P. Gonçalves, Antonio M.J.C. Neto, Arthur F.V.F. Reis, Alberdan S. Santos, Abel F.G. Neto, Kamil Kuca

In this work, we carried out a theoretical investigation regarding amphetamine-type stimulants, which can cause central nervous system degeneration, interacting with human DNA. These include amphetamine, methamphetamine, 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (also known as ecstasy), as well as their main metabolites. The studies were performed through molecular docking and molecular dynamics simulations, where molecular interactions of the receptor–ligand systems, along with their physical–chemical energies, were reported. Our results show that 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine and 3,4-Dihydroxymethamphetamine (ecstasy) present considerable reactivity with the receptor (DNA), suggesting that these molecules may cause damage due to human-DNA. These results were indicated by free Gibbs change of bind (ΔGbind) values referring to intermolecular interactions between the drugs and the minor grooves of DNA, which were predominant for all simulations. In addition, it was observed that 3,4-Dihydroxymethamphetamine (ΔGbind = −13.15 kcal/mol) presented greater spontaneity in establishing interactions with DNA in comparison to 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (ΔGbind = −8.61 kcal/mol). Thus, according with the calculations performed our results suggest that the 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine and 3,4-Dihydroxymethamphetamine have greater probability to provide damage to human DNA fragments.

Publisher URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/07391102.2017.1386592

DOI: 10.1080/07391102.2017.1386592

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