3 years ago

Design and Synthesis of N1-Modified Imidazoquinoline Agonists for Selective Activation of Toll-like Receptors 7 and 8

Design and Synthesis of N1-Modified Imidazoquinoline Agonists for Selective Activation of Toll-like Receptors 7 and 8
Michael Olin, Thomas S. Griffith, Peter Larson, David M. Ferguson, Zhengming Xiong, Tamara A. Kucaba
A series of N1-modified imidazoquinolines were synthesized and screened for Toll-like receptors (TLR) 7 and 8 activities to identify recognition elements that confer high affinity binding and selectivity. These receptors are key targets in the development of immunomodulatory agents that signal the NF-κB mediated transcription of pro-inflammatory chemokines and cytokines. Results are presented showing both TLR7/8 activations are highly correlated to N1-substitution, with TLR8 selectivity achieved through inclusion of an ethyl-, propyl-, or butylamino group at this position. While the structure–activity relationship analysis indicates TLR7 activity is less sensitive to N1-modification, extension of the aminoalkyl chain length to pentyl and p-methylbenzyl elicited high affinity TLR7 binding. Cytokine profiles are also reported that show the pure TLR8 agonist [4-amino-2-butyl-1-(2-aminoethyl)-7-methoxycarbonyl-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]quinoline] induces higher levels of IL-1β, IL-12, and IFNγ when compared with TLR7 selective or mixed TLR7/8 agonists. The results are consistent with previous work suggesting TLR8 agonists are Th1 polarizing and may help promote cell-mediated immunity.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsmedchemlett.7b00256

DOI: 10.1021/acsmedchemlett.7b00256

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