5 years ago

Hepatic p63 regulates steatosis via IKKβ/ER stress

Hepatic p63 regulates steatosis via IKKβ/ER stress
Bárbara González-Terán, Celia Pombo, Arkaitz Carracedo, Miguel López, Amaia Zabala-Letona, Xabier Buque, Begoña Porteiro, María L. Martínez-Chantar, Monica Imbernon, Paula Iruzubieta, Anxo Vidal, Miguel Marcos, Ruben Nogueiras, Nuria Matesanz, Maria M. Malagon, , Johan Fernø, Patricia Aspichueta, Teresa C. Delgado, Marcos F. Fondevila, , Sulay Tovar, Carlos Dieguez, Juan Zalvide, Guadalupe Sabio, Javier Crespo, Cristina Iglesias, Lourdes Hernández-Cosido, Julia Sánchez-Ceinos
p53 family members control several metabolic and cellular functions. The p53 ortholog p63 modulates cellular adaptations to stress and has a major role in cell maintenance and proliferation. Here we show that p63 regulates hepatic lipid metabolism. Mice with liver-specific p53 deletion develop steatosis and show increased levels of p63. Down-regulation of p63 attenuates liver steatosis in p53 knockout mice and in diet-induced obese mice, whereas the activation of p63 induces lipid accumulation. Hepatic overexpression of N-terminal transactivation domain TAp63 induces liver steatosis through IKKβ activation and the induction of ER stress, the inhibition of which rescues the liver functions. Expression of TAp63, IKKβ and XBP1s is also increased in livers of obese patients with NAFLD. In cultured human hepatocytes, TAp63 inhibition protects against oleic acid-induced lipid accumulation, whereas TAp63 overexpression promotes lipid storage, an effect reversible by IKKβ silencing. Our findings indicate an unexpected role of the p63/IKKβ/ER stress pathway in lipid metabolism and liver disease.

Publisher URL: http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms15111

DOI: 10.1038/ncomms15111

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