3 years ago

Super Fast Beam Tracking in Phased Antenna Arrays.

Jiahui Li, Yin Sun, C. Emre Koksal, Shidong Zhou, Limin Xiao

The directionality of millimeter-wave (mmWave) communications creates a significant challenge in serving fast-moving mobile terminals on, e.g., high-speed vehicles, trains, and UAVs. This challenge is exacerbated in mmWave systems using analog antenna arrays, because of the inherent non-convexity in the control of the phase shifters. In this paper, we develop a recursive beam tracking algorithm which can simultaneously achieve fast tracking speed, high tracking accuracy, low complexity, and low pilot overhead. In static scenarios, this algorithm converges to the minimum Cram\'er-Rao lower bound (CRLB) of beam tracking with high probability. In dynamic scenarios, even at SNRs as low as 0dB, our algorithm is capable of tracking a mobile moving at an angular velocity of 10-20 degrees per second, using only 5 pilot symbols per second. If combining with a simple TDMA pilot pattern, this algorithm can track hundreds of high-speed mobiles in 5G configurations. Our simulations show that the tracking performance of this algorithm is much better than several state-of-the-art algorithms. The key analytical tools used in our algorithm design are stochastic approximation and recursive estimation with a control parameter.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1710.07873

DOI: arXiv:1710.07873v1

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