4 years ago

Comparative repeatome analysis on <i>Triatoma infestans</i> Andean and Non-Andean lineages, main vector of Chagas disease

Pedro Lorite, Teresa Palomeque, Antonio Sánchez, Sebastián Pita, Francisco Panzera, Jesús Vela, Ángeles Cuadrado, Pablo Mora

by Sebastián Pita, Francisco Panzera, Pablo Mora, Jesús Vela, Ángeles Cuadrado, Antonio Sánchez, Teresa Palomeque, Pedro Lorite

Triatoma infestans is the most important Chagas disease vector in South America. Two main evolutionary lineages, named Andean and non-Andean, have been recognized by geographical distribution, phenetic and genetic characteristics. One of the main differences is the genomic size, varying over 30% in their haploid DNA content. Here we realize a genome wide analysis to compare the repetitive genome fraction (repeatome) between both lineages in order to identify the main repetitive DNA changes occurred during T. infestans differentiation process. RepeatExplorer analysis using Illumina reads showed that both lineages exhibit the same amount of non-repeat sequences, and that satellite DNA is by far the major component of repetitive DNA and the main responsible for the genome size differentiation between both lineages. We characterize 42 satellite DNA families, which are virtually all present in both lineages but with different amount in each lineage. Furthermore, chromosomal location of satellite DNA by fluorescence in situ hybridization showed that genomic variations in T. infestans are mainly due to satellite DNA families located on the heterochromatic regions. The results also show that many satDNA families are located on the euchromatic regions of the chromosomes.

Publisher URL: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0181635

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