5 years ago

Nucleoredoxin guards against oxidative stress by protecting antioxidant enzymes [Plant Biology]

Nucleoredoxin guards against oxidative stress by protecting antioxidant enzymes [Plant Biology]
Lisa Imrie, Thierry Le Bihan, Steven H. Spoel, Jean–Philippe Reichheld, Sophie Kneeshaw, Valerie Delorme–Hinoux, Rumana Keyani, Gary J. Loake

Cellular accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is associated with a wide range of developmental and stress responses. Although cells have evolved to use ROS as signaling molecules, their chemically reactive nature also poses a threat. Antioxidant systems are required to detoxify ROS and prevent cellular damage, but little is known about how these systems manage to function in hostile, ROS-rich environments. Here we show that during oxidative stress in plant cells, the pathogen-inducible oxidoreductase Nucleoredoxin 1 (NRX1) targets enzymes of major hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-scavenging pathways, including catalases. Mutant nrx1 plants displayed reduced catalase activity and were hypersensitive to oxidative stress. Remarkably, catalase was maintained in a reduced state by substrate-interaction with NRX1, a process necessary for its H2O2-scavenging activity. These data suggest that unexpectedly H2O2-scavenging enzymes experience oxidative distress in ROS-rich environments and require reductive protection from NRX1 for optimal activity.

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