3 years ago

Calorimetric and spectroscopic studies on the competitive behavior between (−)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate and 5-fluorouracil with human serum albumin

Calorimetric and spectroscopic studies on the competitive behavior between (−)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate and 5-fluorouracil with human serum albumin
The combination of several drugs is often necessary, especially during long-term therapy. Drug-protein interaction has attracted a great deal of research interest because only the free drug fraction exerts pharmacological and/or toxicological effects. Herein, the binding interactions of serum transport protein, human serum albumin (HSA), with individual or combined anticancer drugs, (−)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) and 5-fluorouracil (FU), were investigated using isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC), circular dichroism (CD), and dynamic light scattering (DLS). DLS measurements showed that EGCG has a larger effect on the hydrodynamic diameter of HSA than FU. The adding order of EGCG and FU has an important influence on the size of the EGCG+FU+HSA complex. Fitting of the ITC data suggested that there are two sets of sites for the individual and combined binding of EGCG and FU to HSA. The obtained thermodynamic parameters revealed that electrostatic, hydrogen bonding, and van der Waals interactions may contribute to the stronger affinity of EGCG while hydrophobic interactions, van der Waals forces, and hydrogen bonding are the major forces in stabilizing the FU+HSA complex. The largest free concentrations of EGCG and FU are attained at pH7.4 and 8.4 respectively, due to the pH dependence on the number of binding sites and binding constants. The discrepancy in the free concentration between the binary and ternary systems implies the competitive binding of EGCG and FU to HSA. Changes in the secondary structure of HSA due to the addition of EGCG and FU at different pHs were discussed based on CD measurements. The calorimetric and spectroscopic results can provide quantitative information on the binding characteristics and suggest that the competitive binding of EGCG and FU to HSA may enhance anticancer effects. These results can provide a deeper understanding of combination therapy.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0167732217320846

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