3 years ago

Ready, Set…Poised!: Polycomb target genes are bound by poised RNA polymerase II throughout differentiation

Ready, Set…Poised!: Polycomb target genes are bound by poised RNA polymerase II throughout differentiation
Alvaro Rada-Iglesias
In embryonic stem cells (ESCs), silent genes with major developmental functions display a unique epigenetic state in which strong and broad binding by Polycomb repressive complexes (PRCs) is accompanied by the presence of poised RNA polymerase II (RNAPII) and activating histone marks (e.g. H3K4me3) (Azuara et al, ; Bernstein et al, ; Stock et al, ; Brookes et al, ). It has been suggested that the plasticity and broad differentiation potential of pluripotent cells might rely, at least partly, on this unique epigenetic state (Bernstein et al, ; Stock et al, ). In their recent study, Pombo and colleagues (Ferrai et al, ) show that a similar epigenetic state can be found at a subset of major developmental genes throughout the differentiation of ESCs into neurons, providing novel and exciting insights into the molecular basis of cellular plasticity in differentiated cells. A recent study by Pombo and colleagues (Ferrai et al, ) shows co-occupancy by Polycomb and poised RNA polymerase II at developmental genes throughout ESC differentiation into neurons, providing novel insights into the molecular basis of plasticity in differentiated cells.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.15252/msb.20177968

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