3 years ago

Drug detoxification dynamics explain the postantibiotic effect

Drug detoxification dynamics explain the postantibiotic effect
Lingchong You, Allison J Lopatkin, Shuqiang Huang, Jaydeep K Srimani
The postantibiotic effect (PAE) refers to the temporary suppression of bacterial growth following transient antibiotic treatment. This effect has been observed for decades for a wide variety of antibiotics and microbial species. However, despite empirical observations, a mechanistic understanding of this phenomenon is lacking. Using a combination of modeling and quantitative experiments, we show that the PAE can be explained by the temporal dynamics of drug detoxification in individual cells after an antibiotic is removed from the extracellular environment. These dynamics are dictated by both the export of the antibiotic and the intracellular titration of the antibiotic by its target. This mechanism is generally applicable for antibiotics with different modes of action. We further show that efflux inhibition is effective against certain antibiotic motifs, which may help explain mixed cotreatment success. The postantibiotic effect (PAE) refers to the temporary inhibition of bacterial growth following transient antibiotic treatment. This study indicates an underlying mechanism for this phenomenon, based on minimal binding and efflux dynamics.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.15252/msb.20177723

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