3 years ago

Polymorphism, Mechanofluorochromism, and Photophysical Characterization of a Carbonyl Substituted Difluoroboron-β-Diketone Derivative

Polymorphism, Mechanofluorochromism, and Photophysical Characterization of a Carbonyl Substituted Difluoroboron-β-Diketone Derivative
Rémi Métivier, Arnaud Brosseau, Marine Louis, Clémence Allain, Fuyuki Ito, Régis Guillot
Difluoroboron-β-diketones are known to exhibit very promising mechanochromic luminescence but a greater understanding of these materials and their mechanoresponsive properties is still desirable. Here we demonstrate that a combination of spectroscopic and physicochemical techniques is necessary to understand the variation of solid-state fluorescence observed under mechanical stress and thermal annealing. For this study, we decided to focus on a new fluorescent compound showing a polymorphic behavior. Our investigation on the mechanofluorochromic properties is based on a thorough spectroscopic study (steady-state and time-resolved) on powder samples and thin films deposited on paper and coverglass substrates. Three different states were identified: two crystalline states (a stable green-emissive and a metastable yellow-emissive one) and an amorphous phase (yellow orange emission). The detailed photophysical properties highlight the dynamic excimer formation processes, which can take place in the yellow-emissive crystalline and amorphous states, along with the effect of the substrate on the thin films composition. These results were confirmed by studying the thermal annealing process with a combined AFM and fluorescence microscope. The switching between these states under mechanical and thermal treatments underlies the fluorescence color changes.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b01901

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b01901

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