3 years ago

Structure Formation in Soft-Matter Solutions Induced by Solvent Evaporation

Structure Formation in Soft-Matter Solutions Induced by Solvent Evaporation
Jiajia Zhou, Masao Doi, Xingkun Man, Ying Jiang
Solvent evaporation in soft-matter solutions (solutions of colloidal particles, polymers, and their mixtures) is an important process in material making and in the printing and coating industries. The solvent-evaporation process determines the structure of materials and strongly affects their performance. Solvent evaporation involves many physicochemical processes: flow, diffusion, crystallization, gelation, glass transition, etc. and is quite complex. Here, recent progress in this important process is reported, with a special focus on theoretical and simulation studies. Understanding the solvent-evaporation process, especially how to control the structural changes during evaporation, is an important subject in many applications. Solutes are kinetically mobile in solution; therefore, the dynamics are fast and the fabrication time can be reduced. The final structure can be controlled by external means such as evaporation rate and solution pH value.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/adma.201703769

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