3 years ago

Photovoltaic–Pyroelectric Coupled Effect Induced Electricity for Self-Powered Photodetector System

Photovoltaic–Pyroelectric Coupled Effect Induced Electricity for Self-Powered Photodetector System
Kewei Zhang, Ya Yang, Nan Ma
Ferroelectric materials have demonstrated novel photovoltaic effect to scavenge solar energy. However, most of the ferroelectric materials with wide bandgaps (2.7–4 eV) suffer from low power conversion efficiency of less than 0.5% due to absorbing only 8–20% of solar spectrum. Instead of harvesting solar energy, these ferroelectric materials can be well suited for photodetector applications, especially for sensing near-UV irradiations. Here, a ferroelectric BaTiO3 film-based photodetector is demonstrated that can be operated without using any external power source and a fast sensing of 405 nm light illumination is enabled. As compared with photovoltaic effect, both the responsivity and the specific detectivity of the photodetector can be dramatically enhanced by larger than 260% due to the light-induced photovoltaic–pyroelectric coupled effect. A self-powered photodetector array system can be utilized to achieve spatially resolved light intensity detection by recording the output voltage signals as a mapping figure. The photovoltaic–pyroelectric coupled effect is utilized to enhance the sensing performance of self-powered ITO/BaTiO3/Ag photodetector for realizing fast 405 nm light detection. A self-powered photodetector array system can be utilized to achieve spatially resolved light intensity detection by recording the output voltage signals as a mapping figure.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/adma.201703694

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