3 years ago

Single determinant N-representability and the kernel energy method applied to water clusters

Single determinant N-representability and the kernel energy method applied to water clusters
Lou Massa, Walter Polkosnik
The Kernel energy method (KEM) is a quantum chemical calculation method that has been shown to provide accurate energies for large molecules. KEM performs calculations on subsets of a molecule (called kernels) and so the computational difficulty of KEM calculations scales more softly than full molecule methods. Although KEM provides accurate energies those energies are not required to satisfy the variational theorem. In this article, KEM is extended to provide a full molecule single-determinant N-representable one-body density matrix. A kernel expansion for the one-body density matrix analogous to the kernel expansion for energy is defined. This matrix is converted to a normalized projector by an algorithm due to Clinton. The resulting single-determinant N-representable density matrix maps to a quantum mechanically valid wavefunction which satisfies the variational theorem. The process is demonstrated on clusters of three to twenty water molecules. The resulting energies are more accurate than the straightforward KEM energy results and all violations of the variational theorem are resolved. The N-representability studied in this article is applicable to the study of quantum crystallography. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. A kernel expansion for the one-body density matrix is defined. This matrix is converted to a normalized projector. The resulting single-determinant N-representable density matrix maps to a quantum mechanically valid wavefunction which satisfies the variational theorem. The process is demonstrated on clusters of water molecules. The resulting energies are accurate and satsify the variational theorem. The N-representability studied in this article is applicable to the study of quantum crystallography.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/jcc.25064

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