3 years ago

Quantification of Lactobacillus paracasei viable cells in probiotic yoghurt by propidium monoazide combined with quantitative PCR

Propidium monoazide (PMA) coupled with qPCR has been successfully used for specific quantification of viable bacteria cells in diverse matrices food. The present study aimed to develop PMA-qPCR assay for quantification of Lactobacillus paracasei viable cells in probiotic yoghurt. L. paracasei grown in culture medium was submitted to heat treatment at 60°C for different periods of time and probiotic yoghurt containing L. paracasei were prepared and stored at 4°C for 30days. The viable cells were quantified using qPCR and PMA-qPCR assays targeting tuf gene and also by plate counting. Standard curves were prepared and mean efficiency obtained was 94% and 96% (R2 >0.98) to L. paracasei in culture medium and probiotic yoghurt stored one day, respectively. The limit of detection (LOD) for both samples was 104 genome copies, corresponding to 32.1pg of DNA. For viable cells quantification, standard curves Cq versus log CFU were plotted using mean CFU by plate counting of L. paracasei grown in culture medium and probiotic yoghurt. Results obtained for L. paracasei heat-treated cells were concordant by PMA-qPCR and plate count, CFU decreased as the heat treatment time increased, while qPCR count remained constant. L. paracasei enumerations obtained by qPCR for probiotic yoghurt stored one day and 30days were higher than enumerations by PMA-qPCR for the same samples. The plate count values were similar to CFU values obtained by PMA-qPCR. These results showed that PMA-qPCR is a powerful approach compared with culture-dependent methods for quantification of L. paracasei viable cells in yoghurt. PMA-qPCR allowed reliable obtained results much faster than plate counting.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S016816051730452X

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