Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy for Isolated Local Recurrence After Surgical Resection of Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Appears to be Safe and Effective
A standardized treatment regimen for unresectable isolated local recurrence (ILR) of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma has not been established. This study evaluated the outcomes for patients with ILR who underwent stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT).
The records of patients with ILR who underwent SBRT between 2010 and 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Symptom palliation and treatment-related toxicity were recorded. Associations between patient or treatment characteristics and overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), and local progression-free survival (LPFS) were assessed.
The study identified 51 patients who received SBRT for ILR. Of the 51 patients, 26 (51%) had not received radiation therapy before SBRT. The median OS was 36 months after diagnosis. From the first day of SBRT, the median OS, PFS, and LPFS were respectively 16, 7, and 10 months. Patients with a recurrence-free interval of 9 months or longer after surgery had superior OS (P = 0.019). Maintenance chemotherapy after SBRT was associated with superior OS (P < 0.001) and LPFS (P = 0.027). In the multivariable analysis, poorly differentiated tumor grade [hazard ratio (HR) 11.274], positive surgical margins (HR 0.126), and reception of maintenance chemotherapy (HR 0.141) were independently associated with OS. Positive surgical margins (HR 0.255) and maintenance chemotherapy (HR 0.299) were associated with improved LPFS. Of 16 patients, 10 (63%) experienced abdominal pain relief after SBRT. Four patients (8%) experienced grade 3 gastrointestinal toxicity, and one patient experienced grade 4 gastrointestinal toxicity.
Use of SBRT for ILR improved pain for a majority of the patients with acceptable acute and late toxicity. The findings show that SBRT is a feasible treatment for select patients with ILR. For those who receive SBRT, maintenance chemotherapy should be considered.
Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1245/s10434-017-6134-6