3 years ago

Benefit-Risk Assessment for Sofosbuvir/Velpatasvir/Voxilaprevir Based on Patient Population and HCV genotype: FDA's Evaluation.

Lisa K Naeger, Karen Qi, Debra Birnkrant, Kirk Chan-Tack, Kimberly Struble
On July 18, 2017, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved sofosbuvir/velpatasvir/voxilaprevir (SOF/VEL/VOX) (Vosevi) fixed-dose combination (FDC), an interferon-free, complete regimen for adult patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection without cirrhosis or with compensated cirrhosis (Child-Pugh A) who have: genotype 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6 infection and have previously been treated with an HCV regimen containing an NS5A inhibitor; and genotype 1a or 3 infection and have previously been treated with an HCV regimen containing sofosbuvir without an NS5A inhibitor. Approval was based on an acceptable safety profile and high sustained virologic response rates 12 weeks after the end-of-treatment (SVR12) in two phase 3 clinical trials in subjects previously treated with a direct-acting antiviral (DAA) regimen. In POLARIS-1, 96% of SOF/VEL/VOX treated subjects achieved SVR12. In POLARIS-4, 98% of SOF/VEL/VOX treated subjects achieved SVR12. A key and challenging question in evaluating the data was determining the contribution of VOX to SOF/VEL and how this differed depending on the genotype and patient population. In this article, we provide our perspective on the issues considered in making these determinations, especially regarding the POLARIS-4 data in subjects who have previously been treated with a chronic HCV regimen containing sofosbuvir (SOF) without an NS5A inhibitor.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1002/hep.29601

DOI: 10.1002/hep.29601

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