3 years ago

miR-143 and miR-145 inhibit gastric cancer cell migration and metastasis by suppressing MYO6

Yali Min, Feng Du, Ting Li, Daiming Fan, Aiying Nie, Lina Sun, Yuanyuan Lu, Tingyu Li, Xin Wang, Chao Lei, Lei Geng, Yongquan Shi, Xiaodi Zhao
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Abstract

Metastasis is a major clinical obstacle responsible for the high mortality and poor prognosis of gastric cancer (GC). MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are critical mediators of metastasis that act by modulating their target genes. In this study, we found that miR-143 and miR-145 act via a common target gene, MYO6, to regulate the epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) and inhibit metastasis. We determined that miR-143 and miR-145 were downregulated in GC, and the ectopic expression of miR-143 and/or miR-145 inhibited GC cell migration and metastasis. Furthermore, MYO6 was identified as a direct common target of miR-143 and miR-145 and was elevated in GC. Silencing of MYO6 resulted in a metastasis-suppressive activity similar to that of miR-143 and miR-145, while restoring MYO6 attenuated the anti-metastatic or anti-EMT effects caused by miR-143 and miR-145. Clinically, an inverse correlation was observed between miR-143/145 levels and MYO6 levels in GC tissues, and either miR-143/145 downregulation or MYO6 upregulation was associated with more malignant phenotypes in patients with GC. In conclusion, miR-143 and miR-145 suppress GC cell migration and metastasis by inhibiting MYO6 expression and the EMT, which provides a novel mechanism and promising therapeutic target for the treatment of GC metastasis.

Publisher URL: https://www.nature.com/articles/cddis2017493

DOI: 10.1038/cddis.2017.493

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