3 years ago

The retromer, sorting nexins and the plant endomembrane protein trafficking.

Rumen Ivanov, Nicole Heucken
Protein sorting in the endomembrane system is responsible for the coordination of cellular functions. Plant intracellular trafficking has its own unique features, which include specific regulatory aspects of endosomal sorting and recycling of cargo proteins, mediated by the retromer complex. Recent work has led to significant progress in understanding the role of Arabidopsis retromer subunits in recycling vacuolar sorting receptors and plasma membrane proteins. As a consequence, members of the sorting nexin (SNX) protein family and their interaction partners have emerged as critical protein trafficking regulators, in particular with regard to adaptation to environmental change, such as temperature fluctuations and nutrient deficiency. In this Review, we discuss the known and proposed functions of the comparatively small Arabidopsis SNX protein family. We review the available information on the role of the three Bin-Amphiphysin-Rvs (BAR)-domain-containing Arabidopsis thaliana (At)SNX proteins and discuss their function in the context of their potential participation in the plant retromer complex. We also summarize the role of AtSNX1-interacting proteins in different aspects of SNX-dependent protein trafficking and comment on the potential function of three novel, as yet unexplored, Arabidopsis SNX proteins.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1242/jcs.203695

DOI: 10.1242/jcs.203695

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