Seung Woo Park, Sung-Ji Park, Sung Mok Kim, Eun Kyoung Kim, Sang-Chol Lee, Sung-A Chang, Ji-won Hwang, Yeon Hyeon Choe, Eun Jeong Cho
The technique of tissue tracking with balanced steady-state free precession cine sequences was introduced, and allowed myocardial strain to be derived directly, offering advantages over traditional myocardial tagging. The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between reverse remodeling as an outcome and left ventricular strain using cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) tissue tracking, and to evaluate prediction of reverse remodeling by myocardial deformation in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS). We enrolled 63 patients with severe AS and normal left ventricular (LV) systolic function (ejection fraction > 60%), who underwent both CMR and transthoracic echocardiography (Echo) before surgical aortic valve replacement (AVR). CMR at 1.5 T, including non and post-contrast T1 mapping for extracellular volume (ECV), was carried out to define the amount of myocardial fibrosis. Cardiac Performance Analysis software was used to derive myocardial deformation as strain parameters from three short-axis cine views (basal, mid and apical levels) and apical 2, 3, and 4 chamber views. The primary outcome was reverse remodeling, as evaluated by regression of left ventricular mass index (LVMI). Median follow-up was 28.8 months (interquartile range 11.3–38.3 months). As evaluated by LVMI between baseline and follow-up, mass regression was significantly improved after AVR (baseline 145.9 ± 37.0 [g/m2] vs. follow-up 97.7 ± 22.2[g/m2], p < 0.001). Statistically significant Pearson’s correlations with LVMI regression were observed for longitudinal global strain (r = −0.461, p < 0.001), radial strain (r = 0.391, p = 0.002), and circumferential strain (r = −0.334, p = 0.009). A simple linear regression analysis showed that all strain parameters could predict the amount of LVMI regression (P < 0.05), as well as non-contrast T1 value (beta = −0.314, p < 0.001) and ECV (beta = −2.546, p = 0.038). However, ECV had the lowest predictive power (multiple r2 = 0.071). Multiple regression analysis showed strain could independently predict the amount of LVMI regression and the longitudinal global strain (beta = −3.335, p < 0.001). Longitudinal global strain measured by CMR tissue tracking as a technique was correlated with reverse remodeling as LVMI regression and was predictive of this outcome. As a simple and practical method, tissue tracking is promising to assess strain and predict reverse remodeling in severe AS, especially in patients with suboptimal Echo image quality.