3 years ago

Optimization of nickel loading of mixed oxide catalyst ex-hydrotalcite for H2 production by methane decomposition

Optimization of nickel loading of mixed oxide catalyst ex-hydrotalcite for H2 production by methane decomposition
Hydrogen production free of CO and CO2 was carried out by methane decomposition process using Ni-mixed oxides from hydrotalcite like-materials (ex-HTs) as catalysts. The chemical composition was changed in order to evaluate the influence of the Ni-loading on the main physicochemical (ICP-AES, XRD, XPS, TPR, adsorption/desorption of N2 at 77K and CO2-TPD) properties and on the catalytic performance. For all Ni-loadings (from 7.5 to 58 atomic%), the hydrotalcite structure was the only precursor. After calcination at 850°C, different mixed oxides were formed as a function of Ni-loading, although Ni-Mg-Al mixed oxide matrix or non-stoichiometric spinel phase was the main phase for all catalysts, with the exception of the 58 Ni atomic% sample, in which the NiO segregated from the Mg-Al matrix was the main phase. Methane conversion close to 55% was achieved, hydrogen was the only gaseous product. The most active catalyst was that containing 46% Ni at. Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) images of the spent catalysts showed the appearance of multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) although under severe reaction conditions, e.g. high temperatures for thermo-programmed temperature experiments, and the long reaction times for isothermal experiments produced low quality MWCNTs.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0926860X17303484

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