3 years ago

Visible-Light-Driven Valorization of Biomass Intermediates Integrated with H2 Production Catalyzed by Ultrathin Ni/CdS Nanosheets

Visible-Light-Driven Valorization of Biomass Intermediates Integrated with H2 Production Catalyzed by Ultrathin Ni/CdS Nanosheets
R. Alan Burgess, Yujie Sun, Nicholas E. Dickenson, Yan-Huan Jin, Xiao-Ming Cao, Guanqun Han
Photocatalytic upgrading of crucial biomass-derived intermediate chemicals (i.e., furfural alcohol, 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF)) to value-added products (aldehydes and acids) was carried out on ultrathin CdS nanosheets (thickness ∼1 nm) decorated with nickel (Ni/CdS). More importantly, simultaneous H2 production was realized upon visible light irradiation under ambient conditions utilizing these biomass intermediates as proton sources. The remarkable difference in the rates of transformation of furfural alcohol and HMF to their corresponding aldehydes in neutral water was observed and investigated. Aided by theoretical computation, it was rationalized that the slightly stronger binding affinity of the aldehyde group in HMF to Ni/CdS resulted in the lower transformation of HMF to 2,5-diformylfuran compared to that of furfural alcohol to furfural. Nevertheless, photocatalytic oxidation of furfural alcohol and HMF under alkaline conditions led to complete transformation to the respective carboxylates with concomitant production of H2.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.7b08657

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b08657

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