3 years ago

Enforced Tubular Assembly of Electronically Different Hexakis(m-Phenylene Ethynylene) Macrocycles: Persistent Columnar Stacking Driven by Multiple Hydrogen-Bonding Interactions

Enforced Tubular Assembly of Electronically Different Hexakis(m-Phenylene Ethynylene) Macrocycles: Persistent Columnar Stacking Driven by Multiple Hydrogen-Bonding Interactions
Zhong-lin Lu, Wenwu Xu, Xibin Zhou, Alan L. Connor, Bing Gong, Yi Yang, Qiuhua Wang, Yulong Zhong, Xiao Cheng Zeng, Zhifeng Shao, Lan He, Yi Shen
Hexakis(m-phenylene ethynylene) (m-PE) macrocycles 14, sharing the same hydrogen-bonding side chains but having backbones of different electronic properties, are designed to probe the effectiveness of multiple H-bonding interactions in enforcing columnar assemblies. 1H NMR, absorption, fluorescence, and circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy indicate that, compared with analogous macrocycles that self-associate based on aromatic stacking which is highly sensitive to the electronic nature of the macrocyclic backbones, macrocycles 14 all exhibit strong aggregation down to the micromolar (μM) concentrations in nonpolar solvents. Increasing solvent polarity quickly weakens aggregation. In THF and DMF, the macrocycles exist as free molecules. The observed solvent effects, along with the behavior of 5-F6 that cannot self-associate via H-bonding, confirm that H-bonding plays the dominating role in driving the self-association of 14. The backbone electronic nature does not change the self-assembling pattern common to 14. Fluorescence and CD spectra confirm that macrocycles 14 assemble anisotropically, forming helical stacks in which adjacent molecules undergo relative rotation to place individual benzene residues in the favorable offset fashion. Columnar alignment of 14 is confirmed by atomic force microscopy (AFM), which resolves single tubes consisting of stacked macrocycles. In addition, macrocycles with backbones of different electronic properties are found to undergo heteroassociation, forming hybrid nanotubes. This study has demonstrated the generality of enforcing the alignment of shape-persistent macrocycles, which represents an invaluable addition to the small number of known tubular stacks capable of accommodating structurally varied molecular components and provides self-assembling nanotubes with inner pores allowing ready structural and functional modification.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.7b09647

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b09647

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.