3 years ago

Simulated molecular-scale interaction of supercritical fluid mobile and stationary phases

In supercritical fluid chromatography, molecules from the mobile phase adsorb on the stationary phase. Stationary-phase alkylsilane-terminated silica surfaces might adsorb molecules at the silica, among the silanes, on a silane layer, or in pore space between surfaces. Mobile phases of carbon dioxide, pure and modified with methanol, and stationary phases were simulated at the molecular scale. Classical atomistic force fields were used in Gibbs-ensemble hybrid Monte Carlo calculations. Excess adsorption of pure carbon dioxide mobile phase peaked at fluid densities of 0.002 to 0.003Å−3. Mobile phase adsorption from 7% methanol in carbon dioxide peaked at lower fluid density. Methanol was preferentially adsorbed from the mixed fluid. Surface silanes prevented direct interaction of fluid-phase molecules with silica. Some adsorbed molecules mixed with tails of bonded silanes; some formed layers above the silanes. Much adsorption occurred by filling the space between surfaces in the stationary-phase model. The distribution in the stationary phase of methanol molecules from a modified fluid phase varied with pressure.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0021967317315625

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