3 years ago

Discovery of novel nitroimidazole enols as Pseudomonas aeruginosa DNA cleavage agents

Discovery of novel nitroimidazole enols as Pseudomonas aeruginosa DNA cleavage agents
A series of nitroimidazole enols as new bacterial DNA-targeting agents were for the first time designed, synthesized and characterized by NMR, IR and HRMS spectra. The antimicrobial screening revealed that 2-methoxyphenyl nitroimidazole enol 3i possessed stronger anti-P. aeruginosa efficacy (MIC = 0.10 μmol/mL) than reference drugs Norfloxacin and Metronidazole. Time-kill kinetic assay manifested that the active molecule 3i could rapidly kill the tested strains. Molecular docking indicated that the interactions between compound 3i and topoisomerase II were driven by hydrogen bonds. Quantum chemical study was also performed on 3i to understand the structural features essential for activity. Further research found that compound 3i was not able to effectively intercalate into bacterial DNA but could cleave DNA isolated from the standard P. aeruginosa strain, which might block DNA replication to exert the efficient bioactivities, and this active molecule was also able to be stored and carried by human serum albumin via hydrophobic interactions and hydrogen bonds.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0968089617316826

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