3 years ago

Shifting Risks and Conflicting Outcomes—ECMO for Neonates with Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia in the Modern Era

To update previously described trends for neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) receiving ECMO with changes in recommendations for care, and to determine how recent advancements in respiratory care have affected this patient population. Study design This study is a retrospective review of more than 2500 neonates with CDH who received ECMO listed in the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization (ELSO) registry. Cochran-Armitage and multivariate regression analyses were used to analyze changes in the patient population over time and in mortality-related risk factors. Results Almost one-half (48.1%) of the term neonates survived to discharge, representing a 13.8% decline in survival over the past 25 years (P < .0001). Over the past 10 years, the prevalence of respiratory acidosis more than doubled (P < .0001) and the prevalence of major complications increased (P < .001). During the same period, the number of ECMO courses longer than 1 week increased (P < .001), whereas the prevalence of multiple complications (>4) decreased (P < .0001). Surgeries performed on ECMO were associated with worse outcomes than those performed off ECMO. ECMO duration no longer represents a mortality-related risk factor. Conclusions Survival rates for neonates with CDH receiving ECMO have continued to drop in the modern era. Although the safety of ECMO has improved over the last decade, the number of patients experiencing significant respiratory acidosis has more than doubled—increasing the risk of intracranial hemorrhage and overall mortality. The evidence for permissive hypercapnia remains mixed; nonetheless, we believe that the risks outweigh the rewards in this patient population.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0022347617310648

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.