Association mapping of drought tolerance-related traits in barley to complement a traditional biparental QTL mapping study
Association mapping of drought-related traits in barley was used to increase the density of existing QTL maps without recreating mapping populations.
We used 109 spring barley genotypes exhibiting high or low drought tolerance to elucidate the associations between diversity array technology sequencing (DArTseq) and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers and various physiological parameters related to plant responses to drought conditions. The study was performed in controlled conditions (growth chambers), drought tolerance was phenotyped in the four-leaf seedlings. We identified 58 associations including 34 new markers (i.e., 16 DArTseq and 18 SNP markers). The results for three markers were consistent with the data obtained in an earlier traditional biparental QTL mapping study. The regions neighboring markers on linkage group 2H contained the highest number of significant marker–trait associations. Five markers related to the photosynthetic activity of photosystem II were detected on chromosome 4H. The lowest number of associations were observed for the sequences neighboring DArT markers on linkage group 6H. A chromosome 3H region related to water use efficiency and net photosynthesis rate in both biparental QTL, and association study, may be particularly valuable, as these parameters correspond to the ability of plants to remain highly productive under water deficit stress. Our findings confirm that association mapping can increase the density of existing QTL maps without recreating mapping populations.
Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00122-017-2994-1
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