3 years ago

Effectiveness of intervention with a perioperative multidisciplinary support team for radical esophagectomy

Takeshi Takahara, Fumitaka Endo, Kenji Suzuki, Koki Otsuka, Yuji Akiyama, Motoi Kumagai, Keisuke Koeda, Akira Sasaki, Yusuke Kimura, Masaru Mizuno, Yoshihiro Shioi, Takeshi Iwaya, Hiroyuki Nitta

Abstract

Purpose

We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of intervention by a perioperative multidisciplinary support team for radical esophagectomy for esophageal cancer.

Methods

We retrospectively reviewed 85 consecutive patients with esophageal cancer who underwent radical esophagectomy via right thoracotomy or thoracoscopic surgery with gastric tube reconstruction. Twenty-one patients were enrolled in the non-intervention group (group N) from May 2011 to September 2012, 31 patients in the perioperative rehabilitation group (group R) from October 2012 to April 2014, and 33 patients in the multidisciplinary support team group (group S) from May 2014 to September 2015.

Results

Morbidity rates were 38, 45.2, and 42.4% for groups N, R, and S, respectively. Although there were no significant differences in the incidence of pneumonia among the groups, the durations of fever and C-reactive protein positivity were shorter in group S. Moreover, postoperative oral intake commenced earlier [5.9 (5–8) days] and postoperative hospital stay was shorter [19.6 (13–29) days] for group S.

Conclusions

The intervention by a perioperative multidisciplinary support team for radical esophagectomy was effective in preventing the progression and prolongation of pneumonia as well as earlier ambulation, oral feeding, and shortening of postoperative hospitalization.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00520-017-3801-x

DOI: 10.1007/s00520-017-3801-x

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