3 years ago

Paricalcitol and cinacalcet have disparate actions on parathyroid oxyphil cell content in patients with chronic kidney disease

The parathyroid oxyphil cell content increases in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), and even more in patients treated with the calcimimetic cinacalcet and/or calcitriol for hyperparathyroidism. Oxyphil cells have significantly more calcium-sensing receptors than chief cells, suggesting that the calcium-sensing receptor and calcimimetics are involved in the transdifferentiation of a chief cell to an oxyphil cell type. Here, we compared the effect of the vitamin D analog paricalcitol (a less calcemic analog of calcitriol) and/or cinacalcet on the oxyphil cell content in patients with CKD to further investigate the genesis of these cells. Parathyroid tissue from four normal individuals and 27 patients with CKD who underwent parathyroidectomy for secondary hyperparathyroidism were analyzed. Prior to parathyroidectomy, patients had received the following treatment: seven with no treatment, seven with cinacalcet only, eight with paricalcitol only, or cinacalcet plus paricalcitol in five. Oxyphilic areas of parathyroid tissue, reported as the mean percent of total tissue area per patient, were normal, 1.03; no treatment, 5.3; cinacalcet, 26.7 (significant vs. no treatment); paricalcitol, 6.9 (significant vs. cinacalcet; not significant vs. no treatment); and cinacalcet plus paricalcitol, 12.7. Cinacalcet treatment leads to a significant increase in parathyroid oxyphil cell content but paricalcitol does not, reinforcing a role for the calcium-sensing receptor activation in the transdifferentiation of chief-to-oxyphil cell type. Thus, two conventional treatments for hyperparathyroidism have disparate effects on parathyroid composition, and perhaps function. This finding is provocative and may be useful when evaluating future drugs for hyperparathyroidism.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0085253817303265

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.