3 years ago

BCL6 attenuates renal inflammation via negative regulation of NLRP3 transcription

Qi Chen, Xing-Ya Gao, Guo-Qing Zhu, Yue-Hua Li, Dan Chen, Ying-Hao Zang, Bing Zhou, Xiao-Qing Xiong, Yu-Ming Kang, Ying Tong
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Abstract

Renal inflammation contributes to the pathogeneses of hypertension. This study was designed to determine whether B-cell lymphoma 6 (BCL6) attenuates renal NLRP3 inflammasome activation and inflammation and its underlying mechanism. Male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) were used in the present study. Angiotensin (Ang) II or lipopolysaccharides (LPS) was used to induce inflammation in HK-2 cells, a human renal tubular epithelial (RTE) cell line. NLRP3 inflammasome was activated and BCL6 was downregulated in the kidneys of SHR. Either Ang II or LPS suppressed BCL6 expression in HK-2 cells. BCL6 overexpression in HK-2 cells attenuated Ang II-induced NLRP3 upregulation, inflammation and cell injury. The inhibitory effects of BCL6 overexpression on NLRP3 expression and inflammation were also observed in LPS-treated HK-2 cells. BCL6 inhibited the NLRP3 transcription via binding to the NLRP3 promoter. BCL6 knockdown with shRNA increased NLRP3 and mature IL-1β expression levels in both PBS- or Ang II-treated HK-2 cells but had no significant effects on ASC, pro-caspase-1 and pro-IL-1β expression levels. BCL6 overexpression caused by recombinant lentivirus expressing BCL6 reduced blood pressure in SHR. BCL6 overexpression prevented the upregulation of NLRP3 and mature IL-1β expression levels in the renal cortex of SHR. The results indicate that BCL6 attenuates Ang II- or LPS-induced inflammation in HK-2 cells via negative regulation of NLRP3 transcription. BCL6 overexpression in SHR reduced blood pressure, NLRP3 expression and inflammation in the renal cortex of SHR.

Publisher URL: https://www.nature.com/articles/cddis2017567

DOI: 10.1038/cddis.2017.567

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