3 years ago

A RhABF2/Ferritin Module Affects Rose (Rosa hybrida) Petal Dehydration Tolerance and Senescence by Modulating Iron levels

Junping Gao, Xinqiang Jiang, Meng Wang, Yiqun Fang, Jitao Liu, Changqing Zhang, Jing Zou, Yiqing Liu, Linghao Wang, Youwei Fan
Plants often develop the capacity to tolerate moderate and reversible environmental stresses, such as drought, and to re-establish normal development once the stress has been removed. An example of this phenomenon is provided by cut rose (Rosa hybrida) flowers, which experience typical reversible dehydration stresses during the postharvest handling after harvesting at the bud stages. However, the molecular mechanisms involved in rose flower dehydration tolerance are not known. Here, we characterized a dehydration- and abscisic acid (ABA)-induced ferritin gene (RhFer1). Dehydration-induced free ferrous iron (Fe2+) is preferentially sequestered by RhFer1 and not transported outside of the petal cells, to restrict oxidative stresses during dehydration. Free Fe2+ accumulation resulted in more serious oxidative stresses and the induction of genes encoding antioxidant enzyme in RhFer1-silenced petals, and poorer dehydration tolerance was observed compared with tobacco rattle virus (TRV) controls. We also determined that RhABF2, an AREB/ABF transcription factor involving in an ABA signaling pathway, can activate RhFer1 expression by directly binding to its promoter. Silencing of RhABF2 decreased dehydration tolerance and disrupted Fe homeostasis in rose petals during dehydration, as did silencing of RhFer1. While both RhFer1 and Fe transporter genes are induced during flower natural senescence on plants, and silencing of RhABF2 or RhFer1 fastens the petal senescence processes. These results suggest that the regulatory module RhABF2/RhFer1 contributes to the maintenance of Fe levels and enhances dehydration tolerance through the action of RhFer1 locally sequestering free Fe2+ under dehydration conditions, and plays synergistic roles with transporter genes during flower senescence. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/tpj.13751

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