3 years ago

Moisture ingress prediction in polyisobutylene-based edge seal with molecular sieve desiccant

Moisture ingress prediction in polyisobutylene-based edge seal with molecular sieve desiccant
Lori Postak, Jose Alonzo Calderon, Dylan L. Nobles, Michael D. Kempe
Often photovoltaic modules are constructed with materials that are sensitive to water. This is most often the case with thin film technologies, including perovskite cells, where the active layers are a few microns thick and can be sensitive to moisture, liquid water or both. When moisture or liquid water can ingress, a small amount of water can lead to corrosion and depending on the resulting reactions, a larger local detrimental effect is possible. To prevent moisture from contacting photovoltaic components, impermeable frontsheets and backsheets are used with a polyisobutylene (PIB)-based edge seal material around the perimeter. Here, we evaluate the ability of a PIB-based edge seal using a molecular sieve desiccant to keep moisture out for the expected module lifetime. Moisture ingress is evaluated using test coupons where the edge seal is placed between 2 pieces of glass, one of which has a metallic calcium film on it, and monitoring the moisture ingress distance as a function of time. We expose samples to different temperature and humidity conditions to create permeation models useful for extrapolation to field use. This extrapolation indicates that this PIB material is capable of keeping moisture out of a module for the desired lifetime. Thin film photovoltaic technologies are commonly very sensitive to moisture. To prevent moisture ingress, impermeable front and back sheets are used with a polyisobutylene (PIB)–based edge-seal material around the perimeter. Here, we evaluate the ability of a PIB-based edge seal using a molecular sieve desiccant to keep moisture out for the expected module lifetime. This extrapolation indicates that this PIB material is capable of keeping moisture out of a module for the desired lifetime.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/pip.2947

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