3 years ago

A validated UPLC-MS/MS method for biomonitoring the exposure to the fragrance 7-hydroxycitronellal

7-Hydroxycitronellal is a synthetic fragrance (CAS No. 107-75-5) which is used commonly in cosmetics, washing- and cleaning agents and as flavoring in foods. Due to its broad application in various fields, 7-hydroxycitronellal was selected for the development of a biomonitoring method for the quantitative exposure assessment within the frame of the cooperation project of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) and the German Chemical Industry Association (VCI). For this purpose, an ultra performance liquid chromatography combined with tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) based method was developed for the determination of potential biomarkers of 7-hydroxycitronellal (7-HC) in human urine samples. 7-Hydroxycitronellylic acid (7-HCA) turned out to be the quantitatively most important metabolite of 7-HC in human urine, occurring in 100 times higher amounts than 7-hydroxycitronellol (7-HCO) or other potential metabolites. Therefore, an analytical method for 7-HCA was developed using stable isotope-labeled 7-HCA as internal standard (IS). The method includes a cleavage step of possible metabolite conjugates with an enzyme mix of ß-glucuronidase and arylsulfatase. Subsequent sample cleanup was performed by liquid-liquid extraction (LLE) with dichloromethane. The method was calibrated by calculating the linear regression between the analyte/IS ratio and the nominal 7-HCA concentrations in water. The method was validated according to approved standard guidelines and proved to be robust, reliable and sensitive for the human biomonitoring of 7-HC. The method was applied to urine samples of 40 adult volunteers from the general population. 7-HCA was quantifiable in urine of all subjects. Thus the developed method proved to be suitable for assessing the background exposure to 7-HC in the general population.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1570023217313685

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