3 years ago

Capillary-Force-Assisted Clean-Stamp Transfer of Two-Dimensional Materials

Capillary-Force-Assisted Clean-Stamp Transfer of Two-Dimensional Materials
Yangzhi Zhu, Da Xu, Lanlan Zhong, Sanggon Kim, Xuezhi Ma, Qiushi Liu, Yongtao Cui, Ming Liu
A simple and clean method of transferring two-dimensional (2D) materials plays a critical role in the fabrication of 2D electronics, particularly the heterostructure devices based on the artificial vertical stacking of various 2D crystals. Currently, clean transfer techniques rely on sacrificial layers or bulky crystal flakes (e.g., hexagonal boron nitride) to pick up the 2D materials. Here, we develop a capillary-force-assisted clean-stamp technique that uses a thin layer of evaporative liquid (e.g., water) as an instant glue to increase the adhesion energy between 2D crystals and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) for the pick-up step. After the liquid evaporates, the adhesion energy decreases, and the 2D crystal can be released. The thin liquid layer is condensed to the PDMS surface from its vapor phase, which ensures the low contamination level on the 2D materials and largely remains their chemical and electrical properties. Using this method, we prepared graphene-based transistors with low charge-neutral concentration (3 × 1010 cm–2) and high carrier mobility (up to 48 820 cm2 V–1 s–1 at room temperature) and heterostructure optoelectronics with high operation speed. Finally, a capillary-force model is developed to explain the experiment.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b03449

DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b03449

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