3 years ago

Control of Carbon Nanotube Solvatochromic Response to Chemotherapeutic Agents

Control of Carbon Nanotube Solvatochromic Response to Chemotherapeutic Agents
Januka Budhathoki-Uprety, Daniel A. Heller, Hanan A. Baker, Jackson D. Harvey, Elizabeth Mercer
Alkylating agents such as cisplatin play an essential role in chemotherapy regimens, but initial and acquired resistance in many cancer types often dampen therapeutic response. The poor understanding of the mechanisms of resistance highlight the need for quantitative measurements of alkylating agent distribution at both the tissue and subcellular levels. Sensors for use in live animals and cells would allow for more effective study of drug action and resistance. Toward this end, single-walled carbon nanotubes suspended with single-stranded DNA have suitable optical properties for in vivo sensors, such as near-infrared emission and sensitivity to the local environment via solvatochromic responses. Currently, solvatochromic changes of such sensors have been limited by the chemical nature of the analyte, making it impossible to control the direction of energy emission changes. Here, we describe a new approach to control the direction and magnitude of solvatochromic responses of carbon nanotubes. We found that the alkylation of DNA on the nanotube surface can result in small changes in DNA conformation that allow the adsorption of amphiphiles to produce large differences (>14 nm) in response to different drugs. The technique surprisingly revealed differences among drugs upon alkylation. The ability to control carbon nanotube solvatochromism as desired may potentially expand the application of nanotube-based optical sensors for new classes of analytes.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b12015

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b12015

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.