3 years ago

Steric-Hindrance-Functionalized Polydiarylfluorenes: Conformational Behavior, Stabilized Blue Electroluminescence, and Efficient Amplified Spontaneous Emission

Steric-Hindrance-Functionalized Polydiarylfluorenes: Conformational Behavior, Stabilized Blue Electroluminescence, and Efficient Amplified Spontaneous Emission
Yamin Han, Lubing Bai, Jianfeng Zhao, Wensai Zhu, Changjin Ou, Donal D. C. Bradley, Wei Huang, Mengna Yu, Bin Liu, Jinyi Lin, Jiong Wang, Chengrong Yin, Jianpu Wang, Linghai Xie, Xinwen Zhang
Control of the hierarchical molecular organization of polydiarylfluorenes by synthetic strategies is significant for optimizing photophysical properties as well as the performance of light-emitting devices. Herein, for the suppression of molecular aggregation and enhancement of luminescence efficiency, a series of steric units were introduced into polydiarylfluorenes by copolymerization, with the aim of integrating the advantages of the steric-hindrance effect and of the β-phase. Optical and Raman spectroscopies revealed a β-phase conformation for a polymer copolymerized with spiro[fluorene-9,9′-xanthene] (SFX), with photoluminescence (PL) peaks at 454, 482, and 517 nm. Moreover, the morphological stability and electroluminescence (EL) stability were also improved without compromising the performance of the polymer light-emitting diodes (PLEDs). Furthermore, three steric-hindrance-functionalized copolymers showed significantly decreased thresholds for amplified spontaneous emission (EthASE) and enhanced stability following thermal annealing treatment. These results indicate that steric-hindrance functionalization is a superior approach to improve the overall stability and optoelectronic properties for blue-light-emitting π-conjugated polymers.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b08980

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b08980

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