3 years ago

Study of the influence of surfactants on the activity coefficients and mass transfer coefficients of methanol in aqueous mixtures by reversed-flow gas chromatography

This work focuses on the influences of surfactants on the activity coefficients, γ, of methanol in binary mixtures with water, as well as on the mass transfer coefficients, kc , for the evaporation of methanol, which is a ubiquitous component in the troposphere, from mixtures of methanol with water at various surfactant’s and methanol’s concentrations. The technique used is the Reversed-Flow Gas Chromatography (R.F.G.C.), a version of Inverse Gas Chromatography, which allows determining both parameters by performing only one experiment for the kc parameter and two experiments for the γ parameter. The kc and γ values decrease in the presence of the three surfactants used (CTAB, SDS, TRITON X-100) at all methanol’s and surfactant’s concentrations. The decrease in the methanol’s molar fraction, at constant number of surfactant films leads to a decrease in the kc and γ values, while the decrease in the surfactant’s concentration, at constant methanol’s molar fraction leads to an increase in both the kc and γ parameters. Mass transfer coefficients for the evaporation of methanol at the surfactant films, are also calculated which are approximately between 4 and 5 orders of magnitude larger than the corresponding mass transfer coefficients at the liquid films. Finally, thicknesses of the boundary layer of methanol in the mixtures of methanol with water were determined. The quantities found are compared with those given in the literature or calculated theoretically using various empirical equations. The precision of the R.F.G.C. method for measuring γ and kc parameters is approximately high (94.3–98.0%), showing that R.F.G.C. can be used with success not only for the thermodynamic study of solutions, but also for the interphase transport.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0021967317314139

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