3 years ago

High Mobility WS2 Transistors Realized by Multilayer Graphene Electrodes and Application to High Responsivity Flexible Photodetectors

High Mobility WS2 Transistors Realized by Multilayer Graphene Electrodes and Application to High Responsivity Flexible Photodetectors
Hyun Goo Ji, Kenjiro Fukuda, Hiroki Ago, Pablo Solís-Fernández, Adha Sukma Aji
The electrical contact is one of the main issues preventing semiconducting 2D materials to fulfill their potential in electronic and optoelectronic devices. To overcome this problem, a new approach is developed here that uses chemical vapor deposition grown multilayer graphene (MLG) sheets as flexible electrodes for WS2 field-effect transistors. The gate-tunable Fermi level, van der Waals interaction with the WS2, and the high electrical conductivity of MLG significantly improve the overall performance of the devices. The carrier mobility of single-layer WS2 increases about a tenfold (50 cm2 V−1 s−1 at room temperature) by replacing conventional Ti/Au metal electrodes (5 cm2 V−1 s−1) with the MLG electrodes. Further, by replacing the conventional SiO2 substrate with a thin (1 µm) parylene-C flexible film as insulator, flexible WS2 photodetectors that are able to sustain multiple bending stress tests without significant performance degradation are realized. The flexible photodetectors exhibited extraordinarily high gate-tunable photoresponsivities, reaching values of 4500 A W−1, and with very short (<2 ms) response time. The work of the heterostacked structure combining WS2, graphene, and the very thin polymer film will find applications in various flexible electronics, such as wearable high-performance optoelectronics devices. Utilization of multilayer graphene as electrodes for semiconducting 2D materials is discussed here. The tunable Fermi-level of multilayer graphene electrodes grant superior electrical properties of single-layer WS2 than conventional metal electrodes. The combination of decent mechanical and optical properties of graphene electrodes and WS2 channels allows us to demonstrate high-performance flexible phototransistors with high photoresponsivity and fast response time.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201703448

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