3 years ago

Factors Associated with Response to Biofeedback Therapy for Dyssynergic Defecation

Biofeedback therapy (BT) is effective for dyssynergic defecation (DD), but it is not widely available or reimbursed, and is labor intensive. It is therefore important to select the appropriate patients for this treatment. We investigated symptoms and demographic, manometric, and other factors associated with outcomes of BT in patients with DD. Methods We performed a post-hoc analysis of 2 prospective studies of BT in 127 adult outpatients (18–75 years old, 120 female) with chronic constipation who failed to respond to treatment with dietary fiber or laxatives (>1 year) and were diagnosed with DD based on standard criteria. In each study, patients received 1-hour, bi-weekly office BT (6 sessions) or home BT with a device. A therapist used visual feedback, postural, and diaphragmatic breathing techniques to teach subjects to improve defecation. Treatment success was defined by a composite of normalization of dyssynergia pattern and increase of 20 mm in baseline bowel satisfaction score. Factors were compared between the treatment success and failure groups. Intention to treat analysis was performed. Results Of the 127 patients enrolled, 77 (61%) had treatment success. Dyssynergia was corrected in 78% of patients and bowel satisfaction improved in 64% of patients. Baseline demographic features, constipation symptoms, manometric and sensory parameters, balloon expulsion time, and colonic transit results were similar between treatment failure and success groups. Patients with lower baseline bowel satisfaction score (P=.008) and patients who used digital maneuvers (P=.04) were more likely to have successful BT. Conclusion BT is successful in more than 60% of patients with DD. Patients who used digital maneuvers and patients with lower baseline levels of bowel satisfaction were more likely to have treatment success, whereas other factors were not associated with success. BT should be offered to all patients with DD, irrespective of baseline symptoms or anorectal physiology findings.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1542356517312946

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