3 years ago

Flexible Semitransparent Energy Harvester with High Pressure Sensitivity and Power Density Based on Laterally Aligned PZT Single-Crystal Nanowires

Flexible Semitransparent Energy Harvester with High Pressure Sensitivity and Power Density Based on Laterally Aligned PZT Single-Crystal Nanowires
Wei-Li Song, Mao-Sheng Cao, Zhi-Ling Hou, Pei-Pei Tan, Quan-Liang Zhao, Jie-Jian Di, Da-Wei Wang, Guang-Ping He
A flexible semitransparent energy harvester is assembled based on laterally aligned Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3 (PZT) single-crystal nanowires (NWs). Such a harvester presents the highest open-circuit voltage and a stable area power density of up to 10 V and 0.27 μW/cm2, respectively. A high pressure sensitivity of 0.14 V/kPa is obtained in the dynamic pressure sensing, much larger than the values reported in other energy harvesters based on piezoelectric single-crystal NWs. Furthermore, theoretical and finite element analyses also confirm that the piezoelectric voltage constant g33 of PZT NWs is competitive to the lead-based bulk single crystals and ceramics, and the enhanced pressure sensitivity and power density are substantially linked to the flexible structure with laterally aligned PZT NWs. The energy harvester in this work holds great potential in flexible and transparent sensing and self-powered systems.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b03929

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b03929

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