3 years ago

Modulus- and Surface-Energy-Tunable Thiol–ene for UV Micromolding of Coatings

Modulus- and Surface-Energy-Tunable Thiol–ene for UV Micromolding of Coatings
Lorraine F. Francis, John D. Sakizadeh, Yuyang Du, Alon V. McCormick, Jun Xu, Donovan G. Weiblen
Micromolding of UV-curable materials is a patterning method to fabricate microstructured surfaces that is an additive manufacturing process fully compatible with roll-to-roll systems. The development of micromolding for mass production remains a challenge because of the multifaceted demands of UV curable materials and the risk of demolding-related defects, particularly when patterning high-aspect-ratio features. In this research, a robust micromolding approach is demonstrated that integrates thiol–ene polymerization and UV LED curing. The moduli of cured thiol–ene coatings were tuned over 2 orders of magnitude by simply adjusting the acrylate concentration of a coating formulation, the curing completed in all cases within 10 s of LED exposure. Densely packed 50-μm-wide gratings were faithfully replicated in coatings ranging from soft materials to stiff highly cross-linked networks. Further, surface energy was modified with a fluorinated polymer, achieving a surface energy reduction of more than a half at a loading of 1 wt %, and enabling tall (100 μm) defect-free patterns to be attained. The demolding strengths of microstructured coatings were compared using quantitative peel testing, showing its decrease with decreasing surface energy, coating modulus, and grating height. This micromolding process, combining tunability in thermomechanical and surface properties, makes thiol–ene microstructured coatings attractive candidates for roll-to-roll manufacture. As a demonstration of the utility of the process, superhydrophobic surfaces are prepared using the system modified by the fluorinated polymer.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b06339

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b06339

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